It is the northernmost municipality of the region of Madrid and its port - at an altitude of 1,864 m. - is a strategic pass between the northern and southern plateaus of the Peninsula. Its artistic and natural heritage is worth visiting.
The first signs of the existence of human settlements are found in the Bronze Age. Until 1697, Somosierra and Robregordo formed a single council.
Somosierra was the scene of one of the most important epic battles recorded during the Napoleonic invasion. The confrontation left many vestiges of which some are preserved in a small museum in the town.
The municipality is ideal for activities such as walking to the Chorrera de los Litueros -one of the highest waterfalls in the region of Madrid-, horseback riding and paragliding.
The trades of the population -mainly agriculture and livestock- have left their mark on the architecture, which shows traditional and communal buildings, including rural dwellings and the well-known Bodegón, built in 1759.
The artistic heritage of Somosierra consists of the Church of Nuestra Señora de las Nieves and the Hermitage of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad. The Hermitage of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad -from the middle of the XVII century- is located in the Puerto de Somosierra and consists of a nave built with whitewashed masonry reinforced by ashlars. Inside the Hermitage there is an image of the Virgin and on the outside there is a plaque commemorating the battle that took place in 1808.
More information: Somosierra Town Hall