The Southern Region is an area where the Mudejar art proliferated and it left cultural evidence. And what about the nature, with those plain and corrugated landscapes, among which some streams and lagoons flow. It is a territory for those looking for relax and enjoyment the calmness that only the rural areas have. Travel with us and discover it.
We will begin our tour from Valdemoro. It is a municipality that due to a privilege from the King Alfonso VIII was under Segovian domain after the Reconquest. Later it became a municipality of Madrid in the middle of the 19th century. Valdemoro has had an important industrial sector since the 18th century. In this century a cloth factory was opened and in the 19th century there was plaster manufacture. You can walk into the old town and enjoy the Plaza de la Constitución, the Fuente de la Villa, its Parish Church, the convent of Santa Clara and the Hermitage of the Holly Christ of the Health.
We head A-4 direction in order to continue through the M-404 until Torrejón de Velasco. The population is located in historically disputed territories between Madrid and Segovia until the middle of the 19th century, when the territory became an area under Madrid domain, although religiously belongs to the Diocese of Toledo. The name of "de Velasco" refers to one of its lords of the 15th century. You can roam around and visit its Castle from the 15th century. The castle has a regular ground floor and 9 hemispherical towers. You can also watch the Church of San Esteban Protomártir built between the 16th and 17th centuries.
We will depart towards A-42 until Torrejón de la Calzada. It is a settlement created by the inhabitants of Torrejón de Velasco and originally named Torrejoncillo, but the name was changed due to the closeness of an old Roman road. If you walk around the town you will be able to watch the Parish Church of San Cristobal Mártir, built in the first half of the 16th century over a former construction from the 12th century, with stone and brick.
We Take the A-4
And we arrive to Casarrubuelos. It is a municipality founded after the Reconquer over former settlements and it belongs to mAdrid since the 16th century. You will see that it is a plain area with smooth hills and a lot of water, which makes this town more attractive. You can visit the Parish Church from the 18th century with three floors, where you will check from the last floor the presbytery, in the lower one the rectory house and in the middle one the main nave.
From Casarrubelos we head to Cubas de la Sagra. It was founded in 1208 and with the abolition of the manors it went into the domain of Madrid in the middle of the 19th century, but ecclesiastically it still depends on Toledo. You can roam over and visit the Church of Santa María de la Cruz, or Santa Juana as it is commonly known. As a curiosity, you can go to the former Tapetry factory of San Antonio, where the House of the Spiritually of Santa María of the Apostles is currently located.
We will continue through he M-417 until Griñon. It is a frontier municipality between Segovia and Madrid that passed to the nobility from Toledo until the middle of the 19th century when it went back to Madrid domain. You can watch the Church of Our Lady of the Assumption with Mudejar inspiration and built over a former Hermitage. If you keep on walking you will see the Convent of the Incarnation, from the 16th century. And as a representative popular construction you can visit a pigeon house with a circular ground floor and with four floors.
We Move Into the M-404
And we arrive to Serranillos del Valle. Here the human presence dates from the Bronze Age, and there have been found remains from the Roman age, although its most stable origin comes from the construction in the 13th century of some huts by Segovia shepherds that were looking for new pastures for the livestock. In the old town you can enjoy an example of rural constructions and agricultural houses that reflect the tradition of the town.
Following the M-404 we reach Batres. It is a former town from Segovia, but since the 19th century it has passed to the Region of Madrid. You can visit its church, in Mudejar style, of Our Lady of the Assumption, with a splendid tower with three bodies. There is also a Castle from the 13th century, built with baked bricks, where you can have great views from the 25 meters tall Homage Tower. You can enjoy the Mudejar art.
If we continue through the same road we will arrive to El Álamo. This town, in the Guadarrama River Basin, is famous because it hosts the body of St. Isidro in the Hermitage of Our Lady of the Loneliness. If you go there at the beginning May you can visit the Medieval Far and the 15th May you can enjoy the traditional pilgrimage. If you are into bullfighting, between the end of August and beginning of September you have bullfighting, bullfight with young bulls and the famous bull runs.
We Go Back Following the M-404
Direction M-405 we arrive to Humanes de Madrid. This town has proved human presence thousands years ago, although the stable settlement was consolidated in the 12th century. It is located in the countryside, where you can enjoy watching oaks, junipers, elms, poplars and willows that take advantage of the humid ground. You can visit the Parish Church of St. Domingo, which is communicated with eh Chapel of the Christ of the Column.
Through the Humanes path we reach Moraleja de Enmedio. It is named like that because it is in the middle of two Moralejas, the Mayor and the Buyerros, today depopulated. It has been considered a stable settlement since the Segovia repopulation after the Reconquest. You can visit the Tower of the Church of San Millán, of neo-Mudejar style, with four bodies plus the bell tower and the capital.
We take the M-413 until Arroyomolinos. It receives this name due to the mills that in the Middle Age were built close to the Combos Stream. Being in the Parque Regional del Guadarrama you can enjoy the natural environment with and abundant and varied fauna. Inside, the Torreón or Torre del Pan must be visited. It is from the 15th century. You can also complement the tour with the Parque de Nieves (Park of the Snows), one of the main leisure centers of the Region of Madrid.
We continue through the M-416 until the A-5, Navalcarnero direction, and through the M-600 we reach Sevilla la Nueva. It has a Mozarab origin and its name is due to the repopulation from Sevilleja, in Toledo, and even from Sevilla. You can enjoy the vegetation and busts from the riverside thanks to the high number of streams. If you are into ornithology you must know that it is a ZEPA area (Special Protected Area of Birds). In the town you can watch the Baena Palace, from the 17th century an herrerian style, commonly known as the Big House.
Shopping & Sleeping
When buying typical products of the area you will find many shops, stalls, markets, flea markets, craft fairs, agricultural fairs, large areas... and the list continues. We will highlight some of the markets and we will tell you the products that you can buy in each one.
The period market from El Álamo is the oldest one in the Region of Madrid. Here many periods are mixed and the festival is the most important. A curious fact is that during the market there are medieval weddings celebrations. Long live the Bride and Groom!
The Medieval Artisan Market from Humanes de Madrid is also famous. If you want to go back in time and enjoy one of the best recreations of the Region this is your place. Get involved in the feudal environment! There is a games corner, a medieval library, puppets and story-telling for the younger children, as well as participatory workshops, medieval music, falconry, craftsmanship, medieval taverns and artisanal food products.
Or the Baroque fair in Valdemoro, where you will find theatre, music, exhibitions, workshops, craftsmanship and many other things that seem to belong to the Golden Century.
Although you know, it will be impossible to tell you about all the markets, so drop by the municipalities of the Southern Region and discover the markets by yourself.
Moreover, do not forget that there are many hotels where you will feel at home. Enjoy the environment while you are accommodated in one of the wonderful places of this area and at the same time you relax in a comfortable room. It will not disappoint you!